This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1907 Excerpt: …essentials on which an education is based. When we recall that a large number of the first, second and third grade boys (see table, p. 56) are from twelve to sixteen years old, one wonders what was the pedagogical reason for the change. A City Home which is striving to obtain a country environment is the Cincinnati House of Refuge. With an average number of inmates of nearly 450 this institution is still confined to the indoor'' industries. Sloyd, carpentry, printing, tailoring, shoemaking, baking, engineering (as assistants to institution work), greenhouse floriculture, and the band are the lines developed in addition to the usual domestic work. In the sloyd work 48 boys have received daily instruction in the Swedish sloyd system, which means the proper use and care of tools, making the hand obedient servant of the brain, training the eye for good form and shape, and teaching neatness and correctness in the execution of their work. Several boys have finished the first course of fifty models, and are now working on the second course of 36 models. l Among the homes supported and controlled by the state, the St. Charles Home for Boys in Illinois is the latest and in many of its appointments it is thoroughly modern. The Superintendent, who has had the planning of the buildings says that it is our purpose to plan and construct our farm and industrial buildings so that each will be adapted to serve a double use. For example, the well-lighted, well-drained and wellventilated dairy barn will not only serve as a sanitary place in which to stable cows kept for producing milk, but also a place where the boys will daily be given practical knowledge of the principles of hygiene, and practice of the laws which determine the health and comfort of d…

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